“Pictures Of Heart Valve Disease?” Asks Ray

Ray just emailed me a great question about heart valve disease.

He writes, “Adam – Try this one on for size… I’m 57 and newly diagnosed with severe stenosis in my aortic valve. The docs think I need surgery soon. I can’t believe it. I feel fine. No real symptoms. But, the echo shows my heart is already dilated somewhat. Even though the cardiologist told me what is wrong… I want to see what is wrong. Do you have any pictures of heart valve disease? Thanks, Ray”

Like Ray, I experienced a very similar thought upon diagnosis, “What does a diseased heart valve look like?” That said, please find several pictures below to help Ray (and perhaps you) better understand the visual anatomy of several different types of valve disease.

First, however, I thought you might like to see what a normal heart valve looks like for comparison. Here are two pictures of a normal aortic heart valve and tricuspid heart valve:

Normal Aortic Valve Picture
Normal Tricuspid Valve Picture

As for the different types of valvular disorders, here is a picture of aortic valve stenosis. The valve cusps are rigid, distorted and deformed.

Here is a picture of a bicuspid aortic valve that is severely calcified. (So you know, this was my diagnosis prior to double heart valve surgery.)

Pictures of mitral valve prolapse rarely show the problem caused by this diagnosis, so I included a diagram of this valvular disorder:

Finally, if you were wondering, “Does calcification of the leaflets impact the mitral valve?” The answer to that is yes. Here is picture of a mitral valve with severe calcification:

I hope these pictures help you better visualize some of the various forms of heart valve disease. If you have any additional pictures to share, please let me know!

Keep on tickin!

Adam Pick
Written by Adam Pick

Adam Pick is a patient, author of The Patient's Guide To Heart Valve Surgery and the founder of HeartValveSurgery.com.

To learn how Adam has helped millions of people with heart valve disease, watch Adam's video, subscribe to his free newsletter, or visit his Facebook, or Twitter pages.

  • Chuck Harris

    When I was diagnosed w/ aortic stenosis, my cardiologist tolde that one of the hard choices was to decide when to do the surgery because most patients feel fine for a good bit of the time. But it never. Gets better only worse. In my case, I had a spell at work and that was the kicker. They said it was time. I had my AVR this past feb.

  • Jean Karloski


    I am 58 and had my routine physical. the doctor heard a significant murmur and after testing etc was told I needed an aortic valve replacement.

    I felt fine….and, in fact, had worked 70 hours that week. No shortness of breath….no nothing. So it was very hard to think that I needed open heart surgery. It took me two months just to get it straight in my mind.

    How can I do that big of a surgery and feel so good? I am 7 months out now….did very well, recovery went well and I am glad it is behind me. It was not as bad as I expected. I thought I was crazy though because if I really needed surgery why would I feel fine?

    This is a very common statement coming from patients. My cardiologist told me “It’s time” Everything was changing in my heart.

    Hope this helps,
    Jean Karloski

  • Mary Ferraro

    I felt great in Nov. when I got the news it was time to fix my heart valve. Due to a complicated series of events I couldn’t be operated on until the following October. I continued to feel great all winter and spring but by the summer I was tiring out and by that following October there were times I was breathing between words and had to sit down for long phone conversations . . . I even fell over 3x running up the stairs at work.

    My point is to get a second opinion and do not wait. As blood in the heart was forced to swirl around over and over retracing its route while trying to get out, I was increasing my risk that a clot could form and either escape to cause a heart attack or a stroke.

    Also, as the valve is not doing its job correctly, the heart muscle must work extra hard and as any muscle works harder it gets thicker. This hypertrophy or dilation is not good either. I needed to get my valve fixed while my heart was still in good enough shape to recover in a reasonable fashion from the surgery. You can do this. Read Adam’s book and find the best surgeon.

  • Joe

    I was diagnosed around age 50 with moderate aortic stenosis after having a slight murmur and was told valve replacement was inevitable. By last year at age 55 I went from moderate to severe and I was told replacement was needed soon.

    Living in northern Ohio, I researched Cleveland Clinic’s website. Wow, what a great site to learn about heart desease! They even have actual videos of surgeries. Wheather you’re near Cleveland Clinic or not, visit their website to get the basics as well as details of all areas of valve desease and replacement. It is extremely informative… http://my.clevelandclinic.org/default.aspx
    Oh yes, after AVR on 12/29 I feel absolutely great and couldn’t be happier!

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